Assessment of Human-Wildlife Conflicts in Wildlife Management Areas : A Case of Burunge WMA

Mollel, Tabea L. (2017) Assessment of Human-Wildlife Conflicts in Wildlife Management Areas : A Case of Burunge WMA. Masters thesis, The Open University of Tanzania.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the Human-Wildlife conflict (HWC) at Burunge Wildlife Management Area (WMA) in Babati district. Specifically the study aim to examine source of human- wildlife conflict in Burunge WMA, indicators of human - wildlife conflict in Burunge WMA and mitigation measures used by local people to reduce human- wildlife conflict. Human-wildlife conflict, is a growing problem in today‘s crowded world, and can have significant impacts on both human and wildlife populations. Human-Wildlife conflict occurs when there is close interaction between wild animals and human beings, resulting to injuries, death, predation, and even human threats. In this study, both primary and secondary data were collected from the respondents where by manageable sample size of 80 respondents was used. Questionnaire, interview and observation methods were used to obtain information from respondents. SPSS, content analysis and Excel was used to analyze data generated for this study both qualitative and quantitative data. The findings revealed that human population growth contributes a lot in competition of resources between human and wildlife which cause human-wildlife conflict. Also blockage of wildlife migratory corridors was another source of human-wildlife conflict. Indicators of HWC identified in the study area were; crop raiding, livestock predation, human injury and killing. In mitigating HWC local people use different traditional methods depends on type of animal to minimize HWC such as; using fire around field boundaries or at elephant entry points to fields, guarding and use of chili as a buffer crop.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: 300 Social Sciences > 300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Geography
Depositing User: Mr Habibu V. Kazimzuri
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2018 10:58
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2018 10:58
URI: http://repository.out.ac.tz/id/eprint/2270

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