Assessment of the Economic Impact of Mineral Extraction on Peasants Livelihoods in Songwe District, Tanzania

Ilanda, Alfred B. (2021) Assessment of the Economic Impact of Mineral Extraction on Peasants Livelihoods in Songwe District, Tanzania. Masters thesis, The Open University of Tanzania.

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This study assessed the economic impact of mineral extraction of New Luika Gold Mine (NLGM) on the livelihoods of local communities living close to the mine in Songwe District. Its specific focus was on how mineral activities stimulated economic growth in the locality. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were employed to collect information from a sample size of 216 respondents. Data were collected using checklists, questionnaires, interviews, personal observations, and documentary reviews. Quantitative data were analyzed by using IBM Statistics Packages for Social Science version 20 and content analysis was used to analyze qualitative data. The findings revealed notable positive and negative influences on the livelihoods of the surrounding communities. Positive influences were registered on employment, education, health, and business improvements while the negative influences were connected to problems like pollution of all sorts and land degradation in nearby villages. The negative surpassed the positive influences on mining activities on the livelihood of the surrounding communities. As a way of maximizing the positive impacts through minimizing the negative impacts, the study concludes by suggesting the use of bottom-up approach in order to ensure that the investments done in the mining sector improves the livelihoods of the surrounding communities who are the custodian of the resources in question. Keywords: Mining, livelihoods, local communities, new Luika

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: 300 Social Sciences > 330 Economics
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Geography
Depositing User: Khadija Katele
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2023 14:50
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2023 14:50

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