Population Growth and Accessibility of Water Supplies in Tanzania: A Case of Urban West Region – Zanzibar.

Issa, Khamis Makame (2021) Population Growth and Accessibility of Water Supplies in Tanzania: A Case of Urban West Region – Zanzibar. Masters thesis, The Open University of Tanzania.

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The provision of water services plays an important role in the socio-economic welfare of the people in the Islands. This study was conducted in Zanzibar Unguja Island, Urban West Region to examine the population growth and accessibility of water supplies in Zanzibar. This qualitative research used a descriptive design to gain the information and analysis on the accessibility of water supply in the Urban West Region of Zanzibar. Data were collected through the administration of structured questionnaires, focus group discussions, face-to-face interviews and field observations. This study involved both qualitative and quantitative data analysis. IBM Microsoft Excels Software and Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) were applied to obtain the sum, mean and frequency distributions while contents analysis was used to analyze qualitative data. The research findings showed that the urban west region is mostly populated region in Zanzibar where the water resource sites are facing major challenges at the extent of frightening livelihood while the conservation measures are at a minimal level. The research discovered an unbalanced average hours for the water services in Urban West Region from 18 hours to 3 hours per day basis on socio-economic characteristics. Moreover, old water supply tools and equipment, weak methods on protection of water sources and poor stakeholder involvement is highly causes a lot of water wastage. The outcomes of this research reveal that rapid population growth in Zanzibar has a negative impact on water resources accessibility. The study concluding that the utilization of natural resources is one of the most challenging problem for development that would lead to the successful management of water resource use if once strictly put in action. The study, however, recommends Environmental Protection Institution (EPI), Zanzibar Water Authority (ZAWA), Zanzibar Ministry of Land, Housing, as well as the Zanzibar Ministry Water and Energy to have effective collaboration as far as they are the key stakeholders in regulating and controlling water services in Zanzibar. Keywords: Population Growth, Accessibility, Water Supplies

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Geography
Depositing User: Mr Habibu Kazimzuri
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2023 14:53
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2023 14:53
URI: http://repository.out.ac.tz/id/eprint/3445

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