The Effectiveness of School Based HIV Education in Reducing Risky Sexual Practices of Secondary School Youth in Lindi Municipality

Haule, Leo (2017) The Effectiveness of School Based HIV Education in Reducing Risky Sexual Practices of Secondary School Youth in Lindi Municipality. Masters thesis, The Open University of Tanzania.

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This study sought to assess the effectiveness of school based HIV prevention education in sexual behaviors among secondary school youths. One of the limitations of this study was students concern over disclosing their real life sexual practices following its sensitivity. The study was a mixed evaluative case study based on CIPP evaluation model which involved 384 students who were selected through systematic sampling and 8 students were selected through purposive sampling. Closed ended questionnaire, face to face interview and document review were used for data collection. The study findings revealed that HIV education in secondary schools is provided by being integrated mainly into Biology syllabus and slightly in Civics. However, majority of students 173 (71.1%) perceive that the education provided is not adequate due to incompetent teachers, lack of supportive training materials and shortage of time committed for teaching. HIV prevention education had raised knowledge and awareness on HIV prevention strategies, however this knowledge and awareness didn‟t helped to change students behaviours as significant number of the respondents were sexually active during the time of the study, and nearly half of those who are sexually active never use condom and some have multiple partners. It was concluded that HIV education has been addressed in secondary school curriculum and integrated into two subjects and has been taught in class but the strategies used to teach this education only helps to improve knowledge of students regarding HIV and AIDS but do not go beyond creating self-awareness toward sexual behavior change of the students, thus the study recommended that schools need to make sure that HIV education is taught in more recommended participatory and interactive approaches rather than didactics for positive results.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: 300 Social Sciences > 360 Social services; association
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Sociology and social work
Depositing User: Mr Habibu Kazimzuri
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2018 07:07
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2018 07:07

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