Effectiveness of Prevention from Mother to Child Transmission Program in Reducing HIV/AIDS to Children in Kinondoni District

Kanduru, Hussein Ally (2017) Effectiveness of Prevention from Mother to Child Transmission Program in Reducing HIV/AIDS to Children in Kinondoni District. Masters thesis, The Open University of Tanzania.

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Abstract

This dissertation focuses on Assessing Effectiveness of Prevention from Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) program in reducing HIV/AIDS to children in Kinondoni District, in order to understand the success and the setbacks of the program in reducing HIV transmission from mother to child. In this study the researcher used simple random sampling without replacement and purposive sampling techniques in getting the respondents, and when the research data were obtained, the researcher used google forms in analyzing the data presented below. The findings of this research reveals that, the major setbacks for the PMTCT program include stigma that pregnant women with HIV and HIV positive mothers face either at the hospital (16.7%) or at home (50%) and this has contributed to low access to PMTCT services. Furthermore, poor adherence to ARVs (64%) and other drugs given to HIV positive women and their children, as well as poor status disclosure and lack of transparency (58%), among partners and close relative. The PMTCT program is doing well in the area of preventing MTCT of HIV during pregnancy (78%) due to strong services provided by qualified doctors and nurses working in PMTCT clinics. The fact that the PMTCT program faces challenges in its implementation it is recommended that, Ministry of Health Community Development Gender Elderly and Children should improve clinic’s infrastructure to increase client’s confidentiality during services. As per the study, social workers are also advised to address the problem of stigma especially to HIV positive mothers and pregnant women attending and receiving services at PMTCT clinics.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: 300 Social Sciences > 360 Social services; association
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Sociology and social work
Depositing User: Mr Habibu V. Kazimzuri
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2017 09:53
Last Modified: 23 May 2017 11:32
URI: http://repository.out.ac.tz/id/eprint/1567

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