Assessment of the Implementation of Environmental Management Act of 2004 on the Environmental Impact Assessment Process: The Case of Accommodation Facilities in Dar es Salaam

Kapakala, Lilian John (2015) Assessment of the Implementation of Environmental Management Act of 2004 on the Environmental Impact Assessment Process: The Case of Accommodation Facilities in Dar es Salaam. Masters thesis, The Open University Of Tanzania.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the implementation of Environmental Management Act of 2004 on the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process using a case study of accommodation facilities in Dar es Salaam city. This study employed structured interviews and close-ended questionnaires as means of data collection. This study showed a number of important issues alongside the implementation of EMA of 2004 on EIA process to the accommodation facilities that are based in Dar es Salaam. The study revealed that 74% owners are not aware of the EMA of 2004. Also, only 40% accommodation facilities based in Dar es Salaam did EIA and comply with environmental management. This is because they are not aware of the importance of conducting EIA and its process. Furthermore, the study found out that there are several benefits of conducting EIA and these include management of solid and liquid waste (63%), utilities and sewage system facilitates safety and security of the customers and retain customer satisfaction. However, there are several challenges when conducting EIA. Among others, these are expensiveness, time consuming through its process and lack of experts specialized on the specific field. The government of Tanzania should clearly promulgate EIA policies, guidelines and procedures to stakeholders including owners of accommodation facilities so as to increase the level of awareness of EIA requirements. Also educational campaigns such as seminars, workshops and conferences should be increased by NEMC so as to spread awareness among stakeholders. It is hoped that the results of this study shall be of practical use to all stakeholders including owners of accommodation facilities and other governmental and non-governmental organizations that are based in Tanzania.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: 300 Social Sciences > 340 Law
Divisions: Faculty of Sciences Technology and Environmental Studies > Department of Environmental Studies
Depositing User: Mr Habibu V. Kazimzuri
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2016 10:54
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2016 10:54
URI: http://repository.out.ac.tz/id/eprint/1164

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