Effectiveness of Neighbourhood Based Organizations in Solid Waste Management: The Case Study of Ilala Municipality, Dar es Salaam Region, Tanzania

Mwasalujonja, Noah L. (2014) Effectiveness of Neighbourhood Based Organizations in Solid Waste Management: The Case Study of Ilala Municipality, Dar es Salaam Region, Tanzania. Masters thesis, The Open University of Tanzania.

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of neighborhood based organizations (NBOs) in solid waste management. The study was conducted in Ilala Municipality - Dar-es- Salaam, Tanzania. Data were collected using open and closed questionnaires, documentary review then after that data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics; all analyses were performed in statistical package for social sciences (SPSS), version 17. Primary data were collected using questionnaires following stratified random sampling; secondary data were obtained from statistical records. The findings of the study in regard to the characterization of solid waste showed that most waste came from food remains and vegetable peels (p= 0.282), broken glass (p= <0.001), textiles (p=<0.001), kitchen waste (p=0.001), and paper wrappers (p=0.512). Frequent collection of wastes is required because they were generated in the large quantity and most of them are biodegradable. Furthermore, the study revealed that majority of the residents (p=0.019), used the hessian sacks and plastic bags (p=0.020), as storage facilities of solid waste. In collection of solid waste from generation point to the final disposal point, polythene bags (p=<0.001), were the most used waste collection containers. In case of waste disposal methods majority of the respondents ( p=0.016), reported the lack of dumping places near their houses. Furthermore it was observed that Neighborhood based organizations were non- conventional methods which experienced many problems including lack of modern equipments for waste collection and transportation, low wage for Neighborhood based organization workers, poor community participation and lack of reliable market for the recycled waste. Regardless of the challenges that neighborhood based organizations faced, majority of respondents (89.9%), reported that the approach was effective in solid waste management. It is recommended that the Ilala Municipality has to increase the awareness on use of Neighborhood based organizations in dealing with solid waste management.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Sciences Technology and Environmental Studies > Department of Environmental Studies
Depositing User: Mr Habibu V. Kazimzuri
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2016 12:14
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2016 12:14
URI: http://repository.out.ac.tz/id/eprint/707

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