Assessment of prevalence and risk factors for cerebral palsy: A case of Mbeya zonal referral hospital

Ngassa, Elizabeth Anna (2018) Assessment of prevalence and risk factors for cerebral palsy: A case of Mbeya zonal referral hospital. Masters thesis, The Open University of Tanzania.

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Abstract

This study aimed at evaluating the prevalence and risk factors associated with cerebral palsy at Mbeya zonal referral hospital. Specifically the study aimed at establishing the prevalence of cerebral palsy in the study area, determining the risk factors for cerebral palsy in children at the study area and determining the challenges faced by medical personnel while handling cerebral palsy in children at the study area. The study used a descriptive quantitative research design where cross-sectional survey was applied while data were collected using self-administered structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis were utilized to analyse data from 120 individuals obtained through simple random sampling. The results established that the prevalence of cerebral palsy in the study area is 17.77 per 1000 live births. The logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk factor associated with cerebral palsy at Mbeya zonal referral hospital was neonatal seizures at significant level of p=0.005 and OR=0.158. The challenges facing medical personnel during handling cerebral palsy patients include few experts, inadequate facilities, low income among parents and care givers, poor nutrition and lack of education. The study concludes that neonatal seizures were the major cause of cerebral palsy in the study area. Thus, it is recommended that the government should establish a well-equipped neonatal intensive care and intensive physiotherapy units at all zonal hospitals including Mbeya zonal referral hospital as well as increasing the number of experts to adequately handle CP patients in the zone. In addition it is suggested that improvement of antenatal and perinatal care is important in the reduction of the incidence of cerebral palsy.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: 600 Technology > 658 Gerneral management
Divisions: Faculty of Sciences Technology and Environmental Studies > Department of life Sciences
Depositing User: Mr. Administrator OUT
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2019 11:48
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2019 11:48
URI: http://repository.out.ac.tz/id/eprint/2330

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