Factors influencing employees’ retention in public and private sector work organizations in Tanzania

SAID, MARYAM OMAR (2011) Factors influencing employees’ retention in public and private sector work organizations in Tanzania. Masters thesis, OPEN UNIVERSITY OF TANZANIA.

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Abstract

This study assessed the factors influencing employee retention in Tanzanian work organizations. The purpose of the study was to assess the factors perceived by employees as influencing retention in organizations in each sector; assessing employers’ psychological factors influencing retention in each sector surveyed and investigating different methods used by the organizations in retaining their best employees in each sector. Also the study aimed at identifying constraints facing selected organizations in retaining their best employees. The study used closed and open ended questionnaires, Focus Group Discussions, Key informants as well as review of documents from various libraries and online resources to collect secondary data. Data of this study was drawn from ten organizations comprising 60 respondents using questionnaire, FGDs and interview methods. Data analysis was done quantitatively and qualitatively using Software Package for Statistical Science (SPSS) version 16.0. The study findings revealed that there is a high rate of turnover in Tanzania work organizations. However, the study findings indicate that those who stayed in the same organization were from public organizations particularly higher learning institutions. The study also revealed that, low salaries and benefits were revealed to be the main reasons for leaving. Furthermore, employer psychological factors including organization justice and prestige were mentioned to influence employee retention in the selected organizations. Increasing salaries were mentioned to be the strategy used by the companies in retaining their employees. The study recommends that the selected organizations should conduct regular review of the remunerations, should structure good retirement plans and creates opportunities for further development to employees.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: 300 Social Sciences > 350 Public administration
Divisions: Faculty of Business Management > Department of Marketing and Entrepreneurship
Depositing User: Mr. Administrator OUT
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2013 07:52
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2013 07:52
URI: http://repository.out.ac.tz/id/eprint/232

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