Factors Affecting Most Vulnerable Children in Zanzibar: A Case of Matembwe North Region of Unguja Island

Salum, Salim Khamis (2018) Factors Affecting Most Vulnerable Children in Zanzibar: A Case of Matembwe North Region of Unguja Island. Masters thesis, The Open University of Tanzania.

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Abstract

An existence of Most Vulnerable Children (MVCs) at Matemwe in North region of Unguja Island is a problem of socio-economic importance. This is a Descriptive study. The study engages a purposive sampling of 370 respondents and data collection techniques such as observations and interviews have been deployed. The study findings revealed that, factors affecting the increase in MVC at Matemwe are low level of education with 18.60% males and 14.64% females have not attained neither a degree nor 31.4% for males and 25.75% for females) attained ordinary Certificate in education. Large Household size and poverty poor agricultural practices, lack of entrepreneurship education (30%), with most people engaging in petty trading, small scale production as well as low level of technological transfer among the people of Matemwe. With regard to the knowledge of respondents on the causes of vulnerability at Matemwe, the findings showed that, 38% of the respondents were strongly agreed that, major causes of vulnerability were extreme poverty, divorce, early marriage, polygamy, inadequate access to education, lack of support network, child labour, discrimination and social exclusion. As regard to what extent does the resource allocated for awareness programs promote the recognition of vulnerable children in Matemwe, the findings have shown that, resources have been used by Zanzibar AIDS Commission and MKUZA to identify special groups including orphans, neglected children and those infected and affected by HIV and AIDS. The study recommends that the findings should inform policymakers on addressing problems of illiteracy, and improvement of infrastructure, the use of modern technology, Farmer Bank Credit Scheme and income generating activities at Matemwe.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: 300 Social Sciences > 360 Social services; association
Divisions: Faculty of Business Management > Department of Leadership and Governance
Depositing User: Mr Habibu V. Kazimzuri
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2018 16:27
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2018 16:27
URI: http://repository.out.ac.tz/id/eprint/2106

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