Application of Ecological Sanitation Approach in Excreta Waste Management Among the Local Community: A Case Study of Hananasif Ward, Kinondoni Municipal

Shonde, Winfrida Jackson (2016) Application of Ecological Sanitation Approach in Excreta Waste Management Among the Local Community: A Case Study of Hananasif Ward, Kinondoni Municipal. Masters thesis, The Open University of Tanzania.

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Abstract

Conventional sanitation technologies based on pit lavatories and flush toilets cannot solve the problem of waste water managements in urban setting which mostly comprises with poor water systems infrastructures. Therefore this study aimed to assess the extent of application and acceptability for Eco-San toilets technologies among the urban community in solving the existing and emerging sanitation problems in Dar es Salaam urban. A cross-sectional study design using both qualitative and quantitative method involves 163 randomly selected head of households in Hananasifu ward was adopted. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20 used to process and analyze Quantitative data. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies, percentages as well as inferential statistics such as Pearson Chi-Square analysis were used to analyses the association among the variables. A 95% confidence interval was estimated and association drawn with significance level (p < 0.05) for all tests statistics. The qualitative data were analyzed using content analysis. Findings shows that, among households involved in this study none applied ecological sanitation, 90.2% uses pit latrines and 9.8% uses flush toilets which both have impact in ground water pollution as far as slums settlements and poor sanitation systems is concerned in this area. About 98.8% of the head of household residing in Hananasifu ward were not aware with Eco-san technologies, although after being introduced with some of the Eco-san systems majority finds out to accept Humanure and Urine diversion (UD) models of Ecosan. From the Findings and field observations, the study recommends the importance of promoting Eco-santechnology in area with high population and poor sanitation infrastructure like Hananasifu ward.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: 500 Science > 570 Life sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Sciences Technology and Environmental Studies > Department of Environmental Studies
Depositing User: Mr Habibu V. Kazimzuri
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2017 09:53
Last Modified: 23 May 2017 11:31
URI: http://repository.out.ac.tz/id/eprint/1565

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